Comic is a graphic medium in which images are utilized in order to convey a sequential narrative. Most comics combine words with images, often indicating speech in the form of word balloons, but wordless comics, such as The Little King.
Words other than dialog, captions for example, usually expand upon the pictures, but sometimes act in the relationship between two or more voices that are independent in contour and rhythm, and interdependent in harmony.
Comic are typically seen as a low art, although there are a few exceptions, such as Krazy Kat and Barnaby. In the late 20th and early 21st century there has been a movement to rehabilitate the medium.Early precursors of comics include Trajan's Column and the work of William Hogarth. Comics as a mass medium began in the United States in the early 20th century, with the newspaper comic strip.
Comic strips were soon gathered into cheap booklets, comic books, and original comic books soon followed. Today, comics are found in newspapers, magazines, comic books, graphic novels, and on the web.
Devices such as speech balloons and boxes are used to indicate dialogue and impart establishing information, while panels, layout, gutters and zip ribbons can help indicate the flow of the story. Comics use of text, ambiguity, symbolism, design, iconography, literary technique, mixed media and stylistic elements of art help build a subtext of meanings.
Definition of comic is some claim its printed format is crucial, some emphasize the interdependence of image and text, and others its sequential nature. The term as a reference to the medium has also been disputed.
An artist sketching out a comic’s page. Comics’ artists will generally sketch a drawing in pencil before going over the drawing again in ink, using either a dip pen or a brush. Artists also make use of the light box when creating the final image in ink.
It also to be extends to the digital media such as web comic and the mobile comic. The nature of comic's work is to being created determines by the numbers of people who work upon its creation. With the successful comic strips and comic books being produced through a studio system, in which an artist will assemble a team of assistants to help in the creation of the work.
However, works from independent companies, self-publishers or those of a more personal nature can be produced by as little as one creator.
The editor will assemble a number of creators and oversee the work to publication.
Any number of people can assist in the creation of a comic book in this way, from a plotter a breakdown artist, a penciller, an inker, a scripter, a letterer, and a colorist, with some roles being performed by the same person.
1) An artist will use a variety of pencil, typically Bristol Board and a waterproof ink.
2) For inking, the artist may choose to use a variety of brushes, dip pens, a fountain pen or a variety of technical pens or markers.
3) Mechanical tints can be employed to add grey tone to an image.
4) An artist might also choose to create his work in paints such as either acrylics, gouache, poster paints, or watercolors. Color also can be achieved through the crayons, pastels or colored pencils.
5) Eraser, rulers, templates, set squares and a T-square assist in creating lines and shapes.
6) A drawing board gives a good angled surface to work from, with lamps supplying necessary lighting.
7) A light box allows an artist to trace his pencil work when inking, allowing for a looser finish.
8) Knives and scalpels will fill a variety of tasks, including cutting board or scraping mistakes.
9) A cutting mat will assist when cutting paper.
10) Process white is a thick opaque white handy for covering mistakes, while adhesives and tapes are helpful in composition where an image may need to be assembled from different sources.
Computer Generated Comics
Dave McKean is one artist who combines both paper and the digital methods of composition for comics.
On 1998, Pete Nash pioneered the use of fully digitized 3D artwork on his Striker comic strip for the Sun. It also widely used for both lettering and coloring.